Cannabinoids are chemical substances that affect your mood, perception of pain, and various other experiences. The human body naturally generates endocannabinoids
, which are fatty acids that bind to the membranes of different cells through endocannabinoid receptors. The best-known endocannabinoids are Anandamide (ACE) and Arachidonoyl Glycerol (AG-2).
Your body has two main endocannabinoid receptor sites:
- CB1 (central), found in the brain and nervous system
- CB2 (peripheral), found mainly in the peripheral and immune cells
There are also:
- Phytocannabinoids, which are cannabinoids that occur naturally in the cannabis plant
- Synthetic cannabinoids, which are created in a lab
Both phytocannabinoids and synthetic cannabinoids also bind with CB1 and CB2 receptors.
To date, scientists have identified 165 different phytocannabinoids (phyto=plant), which are extracted from cannabis blossoms. The three main phytocannabinoids are:
- Tetrahydrocannabinol - THC
- Cannabidiol- CBD
- Cannabinol - CBN